Ancient Sumeria

Sumeria, which is present day Iraq, has a rich and interesting historical record that has gone largely overlooked in its entirety. Babylon which was known as the “Gateway to the Gods” is now believed to be a parking lot near Al Hilah, Iraq about 55 miles south of Baghdad. It is also listed as a place between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, so the precise location remains a mystery and there is a possibility that more evidence of the ancient civilization could be discovered. The first known written language derived in Nineveh, the capital of ancient Sumeria. Stories from Genesis largely parallel translations from ancient Sumerian tablets. Their deluge myth is almost identical to the account of Noah during the flood. In their myth, Enki delivered knowledge to save humans from the flood.

The Sumerian King List allegedly recorded all the rulers of Earth over 400,000 years who were said to be gods, demigods, or immortals or one soul playing all the roles. The Sumerians recorded contact with the Annunaki, who they describe as coming to Earth to mine gold. Gold is described as the enlightened energy of humans. The value the Annunaki placed on “Gold” was transferred into a symbol by Sumerian royalty as the metal gold. This was because the metal gold is indestructible, reflects heat, and is malleable.

Mount Meru was a sacred mountain, center of all physical, metaphysical, and spiritual universes. It was considered the cosmic pillar or axis at the center of the world. It was said to be 84,000 yosanas high, 672,000 miles, and has striking parallels to the story of the tower of Babel in the Bible. The Asuras were described as living at the base in the ocean.

Enki was the King of Sumeria (SuMeru). The common translation for the name Enki is “The Lord of the Earth.” He was associated with the southern band of constellations called stars of Ea. His image was depicted as a double helix snake, much like the modern symbol of the caduceus. In ancient Sumerian mythology, Gods created humans as slaves and freed them when governing them became an impossible task. They had a polytheistic religion, which differentiated between cosmic and terrestrial forces.  Kabbalah is believed to have been rooted in the story of the Sumerian Tree of Life and much of the Sumerian texts is found elsewhere in modern day religious texts in many forms.

They had a number of Gods and built temples in honor of the Gods.  Ea figure prominently in their history, and some information remains about him due to his believed importance to their culture.  He is described as a man covered with the body of a fish, and there is a representation at the temple E-apsu which translated in Sumerian means  “the house of the watery deep.”  Ea is believed to be a tribute to Enki’s association with the constellation of Ea. Ea is described as the god of the waters and is associated with the cult religion that originated in Eridu. This primitive faith goes back to the oldest period of Babylonian history, all that remains is evidence of the temple named Esaggila and very little information is known about the faith.

Below is a picture of the God Anu.


Filed Under: Ancient Culture

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